Wireless Technology Built in Electronic Gadgets
Bluetooth is a wireless technology that allows electronic devices to communicate with each other without using wires. The Bluetooth protocol operates on radio and infrared spectrums, without requiring line of sight. Its name comes from the inventor of the technology, Harald I Bluetooth. Bluetooth has become the standard wireless communication protocol for a wide variety of electronic gadgets. It was developed to free mobile phones and other electronics from the restrictions of wires.
Bluetooth is a type of radio-wave technology that connects mobile devices and fixed devices. It is commonly used to link mobile phones to hands-free headsets and wireless mice, as well as download photos from digital cameras. Bluetooth gadgets are built with radio antennas, and some older devices can be converted to use it. If you want to connect your cell phone to your laptop, you can buy plug-in adapters.
The technology was created by Ericsson, a Swedish company that manufactured mobile phones, and it was named after the Viking King Harald Bluetooth, who united Denmark and Norway. The company began developing Bluetooth in 1994, but it wasn’t until 1998 that other companies adopted the standard. Despite its widespread use, Bluetooth is not owned by any company. Instead, the technology is run by a not-for-profit organization called the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG).
Bluetooth devices work with each other by detecting one another automatically. Depending on the type of device, the wireless network can connect up to eight devices simultaneously. They do not interfere with each other. Bluetooth devices use 79 separate channels that can be used to communicate with each other. Two devices automatically pick one channel and then switch to another randomly. This technique, called spread-spectrum frequency hopping, reduces interference caused by other electrical devices and improves security. Bluetooth devices also shift frequencies thousands of times per second.
Bluetooth has two standards. The first uses the same frequency as the standard, while the other uses a different spectrum. Bluetooth devices communicate via a network of devices known as a piconet, which is an ad-hoc computer network using Bluetooth. Each device can switch roles by mutual agreement, but each device must start as the main and may then operate as the follower. When a headset initiates a connection to a cell phone, it must be the main.
Bluetooth devices differ in their transmission power and range. Some of them can cover a building’s worth of distance, while others are just a few feet away. This is what makes Bluetooth so convenient. If your mobile phone is paired to a car stereo system using Bluetooth technology, you can use it to connect the two devices. There are numerous examples of Bluetooth-enabled devices that you may not have considered.
ZigBee is a wireless technology with two modes. Beacon mode is used for sending data. Coordinators continuously monitor the active state of incoming data and transmit beacons periodically. This mode requires more power than the non-Beacon mode. The routers and coordinators can’t sleep and require high power. Compared to Bluetooth, ZigBee consumes very little power.
Both Bluetooth and ZigBee are wireless technologies, with different ranges and rates. Bluetooth and ZigBee have a range of about 10 meters line-of-sight. They can also communicate over long distances. ZigBee has a defined rate of 250 kbits per second and is a good option for intermittent data transmissions. Despite its limitations, ZigBee technology is increasingly being used in electronic gadgets.
The ZigBee protocol uses digital radios to connect devices. The protocol requires a router, coordinator, and end devices. The coordinator sends messages from the end devices. The end devices receive these messages from the coordinator and respond to them. The router and end devices communicate with each other using the same protocol. Unlike Bluetooth, ZigBee is powered by batteries. Therefore, the power of a ZigBee device is relatively low.
The ZigBee protocol offers basic security. A hacker can intercept and steal the security key and use it to access the node. If the node is hacked, he can control the entire network. This security is vital to prevent a hacker from controlling the whole network. The Wi-Fi protocol is also designed to protect sensitive data. It is easy to get a ZigBee router and network, but it’s best to make sure your nodes are secure and encrypted.
Among the many benefits of ZigBee technology are its range, low power, and low cost. The devices use AA batteries and operate in sleep mode until they receive a signal. These devices form a mesh network made of multiple ZigBee products. The network then becomes more powerful, and the devices work together as a single system. It’s one of the key elements of the Internet of Things.
Bluetooth-enabled consumer electronics
The first commercial Bluetooth device was released in 1998, and since then, Bluetooth has become ubiquitous. Today, Bluetooth is ubiquitous, with devices from cell phones to laptop computers being compatible with the technology. Even cars are equipped with Bluetooth. In addition to supporting in-vehicle infotainment systems, Bluetooth also allows drivers to make and receive calls hands-free. With such wide application potential, Bluetooth is becoming a popular choice for consumer electronics.
The benefits of Bluetooth-enabled consumer electronics are numerous. Many of these devices allow users to share data between mobile devices and desktop computers without wires. Bluetooth-enabled printers allow users to print documents, answer cell phone calls, and transfer photos wirelessly. Some devices even connect to tablets and televisions, allowing users to use them with other Bluetooth devices. Even the smallest Bluetooth-enabled mobile phone can connect to a Bluetooth headset and transfer pictures to another device.
The emergence of new technologies has helped Bluetooth gain global acceptance and expand its use in consumer electronics. For example, Bluetooth chipsets are set to grow from 10.4 million units in 2001 to 690 million in 2006, which represents an impressive growth rate of 132%. The silicon revenue from Bluetooth chips will hit $2.7 billion in 2006. Similarly, the number of Bluetooth-enabled consumer electronics devices will increase to 644 million in 2006, largely due to the growth in personal digital assistants and mobile phones. Bluetooth has made significant strides in this area and is now a widely recognized brand in the consumer electronics market.
While the technology is still relatively young, many challenges will be addressed as it matures. These challenges include increasing discovery time, enhancing throughput, and aligning with other technologies, such as 3G. Further, Bluetooth has a long history. It was named after King Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson in 958, whose name was derived from a dead tooth. The Bluetooth standard has been in continuous evolution since its introduction, with major developments happening every year.
Another potential vulnerability of Bluetooth is the fact that it is easily hackable. As a result, it can enable hackers to spy on conversations between people and take control of smart phones. The key to Bluetooth is that it uses short-range radio waves to communicate with one another. Unlike WiFi, it requires no internet connection or cellular connection. Bluetooth devices work wirelessly and are much less sensitive than WiFi. However, if you’re concerned about privacy, Bluetooth is not for you.
Bluetooth access points
Unlike Wi-Fi, Bluetooth can detect other devices in the same room, even though it is not a true wireless connection. Bluetooth devices are classified according to their transmit power, and some can operate over 100 meters, while others only work within a meter. The distance between devices can also be as small as a few centimeters. However, Bluetooth devices cannot be located by GPS unless they are paired with each other.
When Bluetooth devices are within range of each other, they will automatically communicate with each other. This process will determine if they trust each other and whether they have data to exchange. The device will then form a network if the two devices agree to share their data. Bluetooth devices are capable of communicating with up to eight devices simultaneously, without interfering with each other. Each device uses a unique frequency range of 79 channels. When two devices are close enough to each other, they’ll randomly choose a channel and switch over to another. This technique, known as spread-spectrum frequency hopping, is also used to minimize the risks of interference caused by electrical appliances, ensuring a more secure network.
Bluetooth is an increasingly common wireless technology. Most cellphones, laptops, and desktop-class personal computers contain Bluetooth chips. Bluetooth is a standard for short-range personal area networks, replacing cables. Bluetooth devices are capable of exchanging files, calendar appointments, and business cards. Because Bluetooth devices don’t rely on wires, they can connect to a wide variety of peripherals. Bluetooth can also be used in cars.
Bluetooth uses a protocol called frequency hopping to send and receive data between two devices. This method divides data into smaller packets and sends them over 79 different bands. Bluetooth is capable of connecting eight devices simultaneously. The protocol works by transferring data between different devices and switches between bands rapidly, so the transmissions don’t get slowed down. This technology also uses less power than Wi-Fi.